Welcome everyone! In this discussion we will be looking at the question, who is Gods' Israel in the new covenant scriptures. So let's start be seeing where the name Israel because many seem to be of the view that Israel is about the old covenant when in reality the scriptures teach that the name "Israel" is independent of the old and new covenants and simply only a name given by God to His people that the scriptures define as all those who believe and follow what Gods' Word says. Let's start by looking at the origin of the name and how God gave it to His people.
ORIGIN OF ISRAEL AND THE TWELVE TRIBES.
The promise of God to Abraham that his descendants would be as the sand of the sea or start of heaven…
GENESIS 22:15-18 , And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time, , And said, By myself have I sworn, says the LORD, for because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son: , That in blessing I will bless you, and in multiplying I will multiply your descendants as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the seashore; and your descendants shall possess the gate of their enemies; , And in your descendants shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because you have obeyed my voice.
Jacob a descendant of Abraham being 2nd born received the birth right from Esau...
GENESIS 25:31 , And Jacob said, Sell me this day your birthright. , And Esau said, Behold, I am at the point of death: and what profit shall this birthright be to me? , And Jacob said, swear to me this day; and he swore unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob. , Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentils; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus, Esau despised his birthright.
God’s promise to Abraham was to be fulfilled through Abraham's descendant Jacob
GENESIS 32:11-12 , Deliver me, I pray you, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau: for I fear him, lest he come and smite me, and the mother with the children. , And you said, I will surely do you good, and make your descendants as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.
God changes Jacobs name to ISRAEL...
GENESIS 32:24-28 , And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. , And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him. , And he said, let me go, for the day breaks. And he said, I will not let you go, except you bless me. , And he said unto him, what is your name? And he said, Jacob. , And he said, Your name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince have you power with God and with men, and have prevailed.
The name "Israel" is only a name given by God himself to represent his people. The origin of the name "Israel" come from Genesis 32:28 where Jacob wrestled with the Angel and prevailed ...for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed. Its meaning is his posterity will rule as God. Jacob had 12 sons representing the 12 tribes of Israel.
ISRAEL (God’s new name given to Jacob) had 12 sons which make up the 12 tribes of ISRAEL
GENESIS 35:22-26 , ... Now the sons of Jacob were twelve: , The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun: , The sons of Rachel; Joseph, and Benjamin: , And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid; Dan, and Naphtali: , And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's handmaid; Gad, and Asher: these are the sons of Jacob, who were born to him in Paddanaram.
God’s promise of the NEW COVENANT is to ISRAEL…
JEREMIAH 31:31-34 , Behold, the days come, says the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: , Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; my covenant which they broke, although I was a husband unto them, says the LORD: , But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, says the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. , And they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, says the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
144, 000 just prior to the 2nd coming come out of the 12 tribes of ISRAEL…
REVELATION 7:3-8 , Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God on their foreheads. , And I heard the number of them who were sealed: and there were sealed a hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel. , Of the tribe of Judah were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Reuben were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Gad were sealed twelve thousand. , Of the tribe of Asher were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Naphtali were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Manasseh were sealed twelve thousand. , Of the tribe of Simeon were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Levi were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Issachar were sealed twelve thousand. , Of the tribe of Zebulun were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Joseph were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Benjamin were sealed twelve thousand.